How large-scale counterfeit networks operate

We investigate how an illegal large-scale network selling fake football jerseys was able to operate unhindered during the 2018 World Cup and how it could have been stopped.

Replica shirts are a popular target for counterfeiters, and this only increases during the hysteria of a World Cup. Our analysts revisit a ‘cluster’ (a large counterfeiting network that spans social media accounts, marketplaces and websites) we first identified and tracked during Euro 2016 that was selling replicas shirts, and discuss how new behaviours and methods materialised throughout its lifespan. It appears that these infringements were being monitored and enforced by someone, though without the benefit of the advanced network-level intelligence that Incopro can provide.

How does the network operate?

Large-scale counterfeit networks evolve very rapidly to counteract enforcement efforts. We can see that this cluster has evolved significantly in response to attempts to take it down since we started tracking it in 2016. Utilising a combination of social media and websites to sell their illegal merchandise, we see that when channels they use are closed down, they are quickly replaced and the counterfeiting activity continues.

Bad actors use websites as ecommerce platforms to complete transactions, funneling customers to these locations via their social media profiles and posts. In relation to this cluster, we identified six Facebook accounts and thirty-three websites, although very few of them were the same as had been operating in 2016. Throughout the tournament our analysts noticed that if a website was closed, the social media platforms simply switched their promotion efforts to another within the network and the infringement continued unhindered. An example of a previous cluster discovered by Incopro is illustrated below.

This shows the importance of eradicating an entire network at once; if one or two accounts are closed then you are causing a minor inconvenience to a counterfeiter, not having a real impact by shutting down their operation. This is the critical limitation of fighting counterfeiters without an intelligence-led strategy. You only shut down individual accounts ad-hoc and are unable to keep track of the full scale of the issue.

How to fight large-scale networks

Taking an intelligence-led approach to fighting large-scale counterfeiting networks is the only truly effective way to shut down these operations. Incopro uses advanced ‘clustering’ technology to achieve this; we connect all elements within the network across over 20 data points such as social media accounts, websites and marketplace listings to build a complete picture of the counterfeiting operation. This enables enforcement at scale rather than playing ‘whack-a-mole’, addressing the source of the issue to bring long-lasting results for brands.

There were clear signs that someone was trying to fight this cluster during the tournament, but with an ad-hoc approach they made very little progress and as highlighted in our guide on effectively fighting large-scale networks, did not feel threatened enough to even change the contact details they were using across the network. Incopro constantly monitors clusters such as this so we can continue to understand the behaviour of counterfeiters and identify any new trends, ensuring we stay ahead of the curve and deliver real impact that to defend our customers’ IP online.

For one of our clients, Talisman detected a hidden network containing over 530 social media accounts, 14,140 infringing URLs, and over 7,000 marketplace listings, and successfully enforced against the entire operation within 24 hours.


If you would like to learn more about how Incopro can deliver advanced clustering intelligence and protect your brand from online counterfeits, please request a free demo.

Request a demo

Related Blog Posts

Due to the complexities of clusters (counterfeit networks), we will evaluate key insight into clustering.

When countries started unveiling their World Cup tournament kits the latest trend became apparent

Incopro monitors the first World Cup where high quality counterfeit shirts harm brands with 3D printing